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GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods
4th Edition for v9.3

ISBN 0-9679208-6-8
GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods, 4th Edition for v9.3, combines the how and why into one complete reference. This book bridges the information gap between user manuals and textbooks by fusing ArcGIS v9 methods and techniques with a compilation of basic geographical concepts to benefit both beginners and experts. It is an ideal textbook for introductory GIS courses as it demonstrates how to display, query, edit, and analyze both feature and raster-based geographic data using ArcGIS, all within the broader context of fundamental GIS concepts.

Technically in-depth and easy to read, the book is organized by concepts from basic to advanced, making the ideas and techniques easier to comprehend. Numerous examples, step-by-step instructions, and references to the primary GIS and computer science literature can help you learn even more. Tips on how to transition from ArcView v3 to the current ArcGIS v9 software are provided. GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods is a complete cohesive reference designed to increase productivity for students as well as for professionals.

$62.95


Table of Contents

Download the Table of Contents as a PDF (608 K)

GIS CONCEPTS AND ARCGIS METHODS
4th Edition, October 2009

David M. Theobald, Ph.D.
Warner College of Natural Resources
Colorado State University

ii GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods
GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods

Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by David M. Theobald. All rights reserved.

Trademarks
ArcGIS, ArcMap, ArcCatalog, ArcToolbox, ArcView, ArcInfo, Spatial Analyst, Shapefile,
Image Analysis, 3D Analyst, and Avenue are registered trademarks of Environmental
Systems Research Institute, Inc.

Publisher
Conservation Planning Technologies, 1113 West Olive Street, Fort Collins, Colorado,
80521, USA. Phone: 970.980.1183.

For book inquiries, please visit the following website:
http://www.consplan.com

Published in the United States of America

ISBN 0-9679208-6-8 (paper)

GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods iii

1 Introduction to GIS and ArcGIS 1
GIS defined: what is where and why 1
Maps and more... 2
GIS functions 4
Spatial analysis 5
A brief history of GIS 8
Evolution of interface design 9
Desktop ArcGIS 11
Overview and terminology 11
ArcMap basics 13
ArcCatalog basics 21
Metadata 25
ArcToolbox and geoprocessing 27
Extensions 29
Chapter review 30

2 Geographic data 31
Representing geography 31
Where, what, and when? 31
Discrete or continuous geographic features 32
Vector 34
Geometric (non-topological) data structure 35
Topological data structure 45
Spatial indexing 54
Raster 55
GRID 61
Geodatabase raster 62
Images 62
Attribute (non-spatial) data 63
Data types 64
Tables in ArcGIS 65
Attribute fields 66
Selections and the selection set 70
Editing a table 71
Relating tables 71
Importing and exporting tables 73
iv GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods
Chapter review 75

3 Scale, coordinate systems, and projections 77
Location, location, location... 77
Scale 79
Scale in a digital world 81
Geographic coordinate systems 82
Spheroids and datums 83
Projected coordinate systems 85
Properties and characteristics 86
Projection types 86
Distortion patterns 89
Selecting a projection 90
Commonly used projections 90
Changing coordinate systems 96
Projection definition file 96
Permanent projection 98
Temporary, on the fly, projection 99
The Global Positioning System (GPS) 99
Geocoding 103
Geocoding services 104
Chapter review 105

4 Cartography and geographic visualization 107
The art and science of cartography 107
Thematic mapping 110
General features 111
Categories 113
Mapping quantities 115
Symbolizing data 133
Advanced symbology 137
Multiple attributes map type 139
GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods v
Landform maps 141
Labeling maps 143
Dynamic labels 145
Annotation 146
Label expressions 147
Map layout 147
Templates 148
Exporting and printing 150
Creating interactive maps 154
Graphs 157
Chapter review 161

5 Querying spatial data 163
Selection method 164
What is here? 166
Identify 166
Interactive selection 167
How big? How long? How far? 169
Where is…? Where are...? 170
Find 171
Select By Attributes 173
Definition query 177
What features are near another feature? 178
Spatial relation types 179
Examples of common selections 180
What is adjacent? 181
Chapter review 181

6 Acquiring, editing, and creating vector datasets 183
Acquiring existing datasets 184
FTP or seamless? 185
ESRI Data and Maps 185
Government sources and clearinghouses 185
vi GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods
Commercial 186
Data download lists 186
Converting a dataset 186
Sub-setting a dataset 188
Editing and topology 189
Feature-oriented digitizing 192
Feature editing basics 194
Starting an edit session 194
Setting the snapping environment 195
Adding new features 195
Common editing tasks 199
Splitting a feature 199
Deleting features 200
Modifying features 200
Removing an overlap 203
Removing a sliver polygon 203
Patching a gap 205
Integration 206
Map topology 207
Topology rules 208
Cluster tolerance 213
Topological or shared editing 213
Creating a new dataset 215
Creating and editing attribute data 217
Field calculator 218
Calculate geometry 220
Common problems with calculator expressions 221
Advanced calculator expressions 221
Chapter review 230

7 Raster analysis 231
Raster representation 231
GRIDs 235
Geodatabase raster 237
ASCII format 238
Images 239
GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods vii
Symbology 240
Analysis environment 241
Analysis extent 243
Cell size 243
Functions 244
Local functions 245
Neighborhood functions 250
Zonal functions 254
Global functions 257
Raster/vector conversions 290
Vector to raster 290
Raster to vector 292
Image-GRID conversion 293
Advanced raster processing and map algebra 293
Raster Calculator 294
Integer and floating-point math 297
Advanced map algebra expressions 297
Randomization 304
Chapter review 321

8 Single-layer analysis 323
Geoprocessing basics 323
Auto-documentation through History 324
Batch geoprocessing 325
Summarizing attributes 325
Basic statistics 325
Summarize 328
Measurement 329
Number 329
Area 329
Length 330
Shape 331
Fragmentation 333
Distance 337
Pattern 339
Proximity analysis 342
Buffering 343
viii GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods
Variable buffers 345
Neighborhoods 346
Transformations 347
Feature center and centroid 348
Dissolve 350
Eliminate 350
Generalization 351
Resampling 352
Chapter review 353

9 Dual-layer analysis 355
Overlay analysis 355
Clip 359
Intersect 361
Union 363
Merge/append 364
Join by location 365
Nearest feature 367
Intersecting a feature 367
Inside a polygon 368
Chapter review 368

10 Spatial modeling and geoprocessing 369
Modeling concepts 370
Flow charts 370
Boolean model 373
Arithmetic model 375
Weighted arithmetic model 378
Evolution of user interfaces in GIS 380
ModelBuilder 381
Modeling accessibility -- an illustration of iterative modeling 382
Advanced ModelBuilder techniques 395
Programming scripts using Python 396
Why use Python? 396
Basics of Python programming 397
GIS Concepts and ArcGIS Methods ix
Arguments 407
Connecting Python with ArcGIS 408
Debugging tips 421
Ten ways to improve your ArcGIS experience 422